Montjuïc Castle is an ancient military fortress dating back to 1640, located in the Montjuic area of Barcelona. The fortress is part of the long history of the city of Barcelona. Immediately after it was built, it was used during a deadly revolt when the Catalan nation fought against the Spanish ruler. Fifty years later, it was enlarged from a fortress to a castle. It was then dismantled and rebuilt, and took part in Napoleon’s wars.
Over the years, the citadel has become a symbol of terror and fear, since many soldiers and civilians have been imprisoned and tortured by the authorities. Between 1936 and 1938 alone, over 170 people were murdered within its borders. One of the famous prisoners of the castle was Lluis Companys. He was the leader of the Republican Left Catalonian political party and the only democratically elected president in Europe that was executed.
In the 20th century the fortress served as a military museum, but today it serves as a municipal building of the officials of Barcelona for exhibitions related to the city’s history and hosts urban events and various performances.