About Gothic Architecture
Gothic architecture was created from the Romanesque architecture, began in the 12th century in France and continued until the 16th century. It is characterized by pointed arches, ribbed vaults (pointed arches that meet in the ceiling of the building) and gliding supports (arches connecting an exceptionally high cathedral wall and transferring the forces of the large building to a wider column outside the building).
This style of architecture is associated with the great cathedrals, monasteries and churches of Europe and with castles, palaces, municipalities and universities. Many of the larger churches built in this style are considered valuable works of art and are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The most famous Gothic facade in the world is Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.
Gothic construction is done in an art full of symbols, and the many statues are of narrative significance, usually religious, and their purpose is to convey a message to the viewers.
About Neo-Gothic Architecture
The local neo-Gothic style, or modernista (also known as Catalan modernism because it is the local style in Catalonia), began at the end of the 19th century and lasted until the end of the 20th century and is the spanish equivalent of the French “Art Nouveau”. Modernist style is a combination of modern art and classical elements with Gothic motifs. The style uses simple and local materials and is inspired by the plant and is therefore expressed in rounded and colorful lines. The Barcelona World Exposition helped spread this style to the world. It included many Catalan artists (such as Fuchs Montner and others), but soon became linked to Antoni Gaudí, who was considered a symbol of modernist construction.